This is an unscheduled posting. I started writing on this subject at blogger but was forced to give up midway because of the thoroughly unreliable quality of google publishing software and continue it here. The start of the article is at blogspot . I terminated the posting in the middle of the summary of the January 08 Scientific American article:
The Latest Face of Creationism
by Glenn Branch and Eugenie C. Scott
They give the following time-line of events in the United States:
- Late 1910s and early 1920s: As high school attendance rises, more American students become exposed to evolution.
- 1925: Butler Act in Tennessee outlaws teching of human evolution. Teacher John T. Scopes is prosecuted and convicted under the law, although the conviction is later overturned on a technicality
- 1958: Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS) is founded from a federal government concerned about science education in the wake of Sputnik. BSCS’s textbooks emphasise evolution, which was largely absent from textbooks after the Scopes Trial, commercial publishers follow suit.
- 1968: Supreme Court rules in case of Epperson v. Arkansas that laws barring the teaching of evolution in public schools is unconstitutional. Teacher Susan Epperson was involved.
- 1981: Louisiana passes the Balanced Treatment for Creation Science and Evolution Science in Public School Instruction Act. Also in the late 1980slegislators in more than 25 states introduce billscalling for "creation science" to have equal time with evolution.
- 1987: Supreme Court rules in the case of Edwards v. Aguillard that the Lousiana Balanced Treatment Act violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment.
- 1989: Of Pandas and People, the first book systematically to use the term "intelligent design" is published; it touts the notion as an alternative to evolution.
- 2001: Passage of the No Child Left Behind Act cements the importance of state science standards, which have become a new battleground between creationism and evolution.
- 2005: Decision in Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District rules that teaching intelligent design in public schools is unconstitutional. Tammy Kitzmiller was involved in a controversy about Of Pandas and People.
- June 2008: Governor Bobby Jindal signs the Louisiana Science Education Act into Law.
The author writes that "The enactment of the Louisiana Science Education Act, and the prospect of similar legislation in the future, comfirms Darwin’s assessmsnt of the power of steady misrepresentation."